A zoetrope is one of several pre-film animation devices that produce the illusion of motion by displaying a sequence of drawings or photographs showing progressive phases of that motion.

A zoetrope is one of several pre-film animation devices that produce the illusion of motion by displaying a sequence of drawings or photographs showing progressive phases of that motion

Optical illusion disc with birds, butterflies, and a man jumping, 1833, public domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Optical illusion disc with birds, butterflies, and a man jumping, public domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Man and woman dancing a waltz, 1887, public domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Man and woman dancing a waltz Animation based on Eadweard Muybridge motion studies.

Salllie Gardner at a Gallop is a series of photographs consisting of a galloping horse, the result of a photographic experiment, by Eadward Muybridge on June 15, 1878.

Muybridge race horse animated still photographs Sometimes Sallie Gardner at a Gallop from 1878 is cited as the earliest film

Animated sequence of a bactrian camel racking taken by Eadweard Muybridge, 1887, public domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Animated sequence of a bactrian camel racking taken by Eadweard Muybridge, public domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Athletes boxing, 1878-1879, public domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Athletes boxing, public domain via Wikimedia Commons.

A phenakistoscope disc by Eadweard Muybridge (1893). The phenakistoscope was an early animation device that used the persistence of vision principle to create an illusion of motion.

A phenakistoscope disc by Eadweard Muybridge The phenakistoscope was an early animation device that used the persistence of vision principle to create an illusion of motion.

Optical illusion disc with man jumping rope and a man sticking out his tongue, 1833, public domain via Wikimedia Commons.

The Phenakistoscope — a popular Victorian parlour toy, generally marketed for…

Zoopraxography Grecian Dancing Girls,  1893, public domain via Wikimedia Commons.

The Science of Animal Locomotion by Eadweard Muybridge, in GIF form. "Zoopraxography" is the best word I have encountere.

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