Wigan Pit Brow Lasses (Sometime in the 1860s). Women were able to be coal miners in the U.K. until 1842 when it was outlawed for women and children to work in the mines. So they moved to the equally dangerous, highly industrialized work in the pit brow, cleaning and processing the coal. More information here: www.wigan.gov.uk/...
COAL STRIKE OF 1902 was a strike by the United Mine Workers of America in the anthracite coal fields of eastern Pennsylvania. The strike threatened to shut down the winter fuel supply to all major cities (homes and apartments were heated with anthracite or "hard" coal). PRESIDENT THEODORE ROOSEVELT became involved and set up a fact-finding commission that suspended the strike. . . . (PHOTO: Coal miners in Hazleton, PA., 1905)
In "The Home Run That Tours America" Jack learns his ancestors were coal miners who changed America with their labor movement, just like Clark's family of Pullman Porters did with the Brotherhood of the Sleeping Car Porters. Jack wonders, "Maybe my ancestors shoveled coal that fueled Clark's family's train."