Young Alan Turing - founder of computer science, helped win World War II by decrypting the german coding machine Enigma. After the war he was tried in court for being gay, found guilty, forced to take castration pills, and then driven to commit suicide.
A life destroyed: Alan Turing, who led the way in cracking the Enigmas codes at Bletchley Park, seen here with friends in his youth. He took his own life after a 1952 conviction led to his chemical castration. The Queen granted him a posthumous pardon in
Bletchley Park's derelict huts where British mathematicians cracked the Nazi Enigma code to be rebuilt