Human spaceflight

Built of sheet aluminum for ductility, corrosion resistance and UV-stability. A spacecraft has to provide shelter, water, food, fuel, waste management, clothing, fresh air, sunlight, gravity, temperature control, humidity control and protection from the elements (natural disasters, pressure differential & radiation).
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Calorie-dense, complete nutrition food bars. Various combinations of legumes and grains, with vegetable oil added to increase caloric density. Powdered multivitamins and mineral supplements are also added.

Various combinations of legumes and grains, with vegetable oil added to increase caloric density. Powdered multivitamins and mineral supplements are also added.

Buoyant and uprighting spacecraft design allows water landings.

Orion Windows Provide New Outlook for Spacecraft’s Future nasa.gov/feature/orion-… via

Plants and fish are grown in torus-shaped tubes, consisting of 50% water, 50% air. Designed with sealable openings at the bottom, top and center, allowing aeration no matter the position of spacecraft. Combines the principles of humanure farming with vertical gardening and aquaponics to allow food production. The purpose of this is to supplement our stored food. Duckweed, rinsed with iodine solution.

Meals Ready to Eat: Expedition 44 Crew Members Sample Leafy Greens Grown on Space Station

3D metal printer. Instead of hauling countless unnecessary spare parts. A layer of metal powder spread evenly over the surface, a torch only welds powder in specific places.

Find out how printing metal works and how you can create designs infused with metal powder! We walk you through the steps of printing metal.

In addition to exhaled CO2, people also emit small amounts of other gases. Methane, ammonia, acetone, methyl alcohol and carbon monoxide. Air onboard spacecraft is first pumped through photobioreactors to convert CO2 into oxygen. After this step, the resulting air is run at high pressure through a fixed bed packed with different adsorbents, only letting through oxygen and argon. Impurities are subsequently desorbed at low pressure as an off-gas stream and incinerated.

In addition to exhaled CO2, people also emit small amounts of other gases. Methane, ammonia, acetone, methyl alcohol and carbon monoxide. Air onboard spacecraft is first pumped through photobioreactors to convert CO2 into oxygen. After this step, the resulting air is run at high pressure through a fixed bed packed with different adsorbents, only letting through oxygen and argon. Impurities are subsequently desorbed at low pressure as an off-gas stream and incinerated.

Torus-shaped spacecraft. Allows for artificial gravity. Rocket engine and fuel storage placed in the hole in the middle of the torus design. Storage space built into ceiling around central "pillar".

What do scientists think about seeing their fields of research pulverized by science fiction? We asked researchers from diverse fields to tell us whether any science fiction gets it right.

Inflatable airship for planet exploration.   Inflatable cells stored around the rocket engine are inflated to turn spacecraft into a propeller-driven airship, powered by photovoltaic panels.

Inflatable airship for planet exploration. Inflatable cells stored around the rocket engine are inflated to turn spacecraft into a propeller-driven airship, powered by photovoltaic panels.

Heat shield and shock absorption pad in one. (valve controls which of the two)

In a video they have outlined the six steps (shown) needed to land and return. These include the Orion spacecraft and an inflatable heat shield.


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