The Pioneer 11 spacecraft launched from Cape Canaveral forty years ago, on April Pioneer path through Saturns outer rings took it within km of the planet, where it discovered two new moons (almost smacking into one of them in September and a new F ring.
This image of Saturn and its rings was taken by Pioneer In September 1979 Pioneer 11 tracked its course towards Saturn and caputred this unbelievable photograph. On September 1995 NASA halted Pioneer daily operations.
Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 carry a plaque that features a design engraved into a gold-anodized aluminum plate attached to the spacecraft's antenna support struts to help shield it from erosion by interstellar dust.
Just in time for autumn bonfires, chilly football games, and walking in a winter wonderland- DIY flannel hand warmers using scraps that came from thrifted shirts! Such a simple, quick project- any leftover fabric scraps will do- and you fill them with ric