Ancient Rome

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Julia Domna (160-217 CE) was a Syrian-born Roman empress during the reign of her husband, Roman emperor Septimius Severus (r. April 193 - February 211 CE). She was also the mother of the emperors Geta (r. 209-211 CE) and Caracalla (r. 198-217 CE, sole ruler 211-217 CE), whom she persuaded to accept joint rule after Severus’ death, per the latter’s wishes.

Julia Domna

Julia Domna (160-217 CE) was a Syrian-born Roman empress during the reign of her husband, Roman emperor Septimius Severus (r. April 193 - February...

Dogs were highly valued in ancient Rome, as they were in other cultures, and the Roman dog served many of the same purposes as it did in, say, Egypt and Persia, but with a significant difference in focus. Like the Egyptians, the Romans created their own artistic dog collars – some of gold – and, although dogs did not feature in the Roman afterlife (as they did with the Persians), they were considered the best protection against ghosts or evil spirits. The central difference between the Roman…

Dogs & Their Collars in Ancient Rome

Dogs were highly valued in ancient Rome, as they were in other cultures, and the Roman dog served many of the same purposes as it did in, say, Egypt and Persia...

The Marian Reforms were a set of the reforms introduced to the Roman army in the late 2nd century BCE by Roman general and politician Gaius Marius (157-86 BCE). Through these reforms, the Roman army was transformed from a semi-professional militia to a professional fighting force.

Marian Reforms

The Marian Reforms were a set of the reforms introduced to the Roman army in the late 2nd century BCE by Roman general and politician Gaius Marius (157-86 BCE). Through...

This is the Pantheon which is the best preserved building from ancient Rome. It was a Roman Temple and has since been turned into a church. The Greco-Roman influence can be seen with the Corinthian columns at the entrance to the building. Classical Architecture, Ancient Architecture, Architecture Design, Architecture Quotes, Ancient Rome, Ancient History, Nasa History, European History, Ancient Aliens

Legacy of the Ancient Romans

The legacy of the ancient Romans – from both the time of the Roman Republic (509-27 BCE) and the time of the Roman Empire (27 BCE - 476 CE) – exerted...

Love, sex, and marriage in ancient Rome were defined by the patriarchy. The head of the household was the father (the pater familias) who had complete control over the lives of his wife, children, and slaves. This paradigm was justified, in part, by one of the stories related to the foundational myth of Rome in which the demigods Romulus and Remus argue, Romulus kills Remus, and Romulus founds the city of Rome in 753 BCE. Egyptian Isis, Romulus And Remus, Historia Natural, 17th Century Art, Luxor Egypt, Future City, Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Pompeii

Love, Sex, & Marriage in Ancient Rome

Love, sex, and marriage in ancient Rome were defined by the patriarchy. The head of the household was the father (the pater familias) who had complete control...

Cassius Dio (c. 164 - c. 229/235 CE) was a Roman politician and historian. Although he held a number of political offices with distinction, he is best known for his 80-volume Roman History. The work took 22 years to complete, was written in Attic Greek, and follows Roman history from the city's foundation to the reign of Alexander Severus (r. 222-235 CE). Unfortunately, only one-third of Cassius Dio's Roman History survives, the best-preserved part being the period 69 BCE - 46 CE. Ancient Rome, Ancient History, Public Domain Books, History Encyclopedia, Apa Style, Boston Public Library, Primary Sources, Michigan State University, Roman History

Cassius Dio

Cassius Dio (c. 164 - c. 229/235 CE) was a Roman politician and historian. Although he held a number of political offices with distinction, he is best...

Pliny the Younger (61-112 CE) was the nephew of Pliny the Elder (23-79 CE), the author of the 37-volume Natural History. He had a remarkable political career, gained a reputation as an excellent lawyer and orator, but he is most famous for his writings. Although only one of his orations, the Panegyricus Traiani survives, his letters, the Epistulae, cover a wide range of subjects and provide insight into the everyday life and concerns of the contemporary elite. Ancient Near East, Ancient Rome, Ancient History, Pliny The Younger, Pliny The Elder, History Encyclopedia, Chicago Style, Art Sculpture, 1st Century

Pliny the Younger

Pliny the Younger (61-112 CE) was the nephew of Pliny the Elder (23-79 CE), the author of the 37-volume Natural History. He had a remarkable...

Lucius Annaeus Seneca (Seneca the Younger, l. 4 BCE - 65 CE) was a Roman author, playwright, orator, and most importantly a tutor and advisor to the Roman emperor Nero (r. 54-68 CE). Influenced by Stoic philosophy, he wrote several philosophical treatises and 124 letters on moral issues, the Epistulae Morales (Moral Epistles). Ancient Rome, Ancient History, Seneca The Younger, History Encyclopedia, Cycle Of Life, Primary Sources, Roman Emperor, History Education, The Orator

Seneca

Lucius Annaeus Seneca (Seneca the Younger, l. 4 BCE - 65 CE) was a Roman author, playwright, orator, and most importantly a tutor and advisor to the Roman...

Publius Cornelius Tacitus (l. c. 56 - c. 118 CE) was a Roman historian, active throughout the reign of Trajan (r. 98-117 CE) and the early years of Hadrian (r. 117-138 CE). His best-known works are Histories and Annals, which cover the history of the empire from the time of the Julio-Claudians to the reign of Domitian (r. 81-96 CE). Ancient Rome, Ancient History, Rome History, Pontius Pilatus, Roman Literature, Classical Latin, Germanic Tribes, Roman Emperor, The Orator

Tacitus

Publius Cornelius Tacitus (l. c. 56 - c. 118 CE) was a Roman historian, active throughout the reign of Trajan (r. 98-117 CE) and the early...

The Eternal City of Rome is one of the places in the world with the most historical sites to visit. The list of ancient ruins, museums, churches, and other historical landmarks makes the city an Eldorado for anyone interested in history. Ancient Ruins, In Ancient Times, Ancient Rome, Historical Landmarks, Historical Sites, Rome Hotels, Piazza Navona, Roman Empire, Barcelona Cathedral

Rome's Egyptian Heritage

The Eternal City of Rome is one of the places in the world with the most historical sites to visit. The list of ancient ruins, museums, churches, and...

Sub-Saharan Africa was explored by Roman expeditions between 19 BCE - 90 CE, most likely in an effort to locate the sources of valuable trade goods and establish. Ancient Egyptian Art, Ancient Aliens, Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, West Africa, North Africa, Greek Design, European History, American History

Roman Expeditions in Sub-Saharan Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa was explored by Roman expeditions between 19 BCE - 90 CE, most likely in an effort to locate the sources of valuable trade goods and establish...

Marcus Agrippa (by Mark Cartwright) -- A cast of an original century BCE marble bust of Roman general Marcus Agrippa BCE). (Archaeological Museum of Pavia, Italy) Roman Sculpture, Stone Sculpture, Ancient Rome, Ancient History, World Mythology, Marble Bust, History Encyclopedia, Roman History, Art

Marcus Agrippa

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (l. 64/62 – 12 BCE) was Augustus’ (r. 27 BCE - 14 CE) most trusted and unshakably loyal general and his...

Bacchus by van Dalen (Illustration) - Ancient History Encyclopedia Greek Mythology Art, Mythology Paintings, Greek Paintings, Funny Paintings, Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Ffa, Rome Antique, History Encyclopedia, Greek Gods And Goddesses

Saturnalia

The Saturnalia was an enduring Roman festival dedicated to the agricultural god Saturn which was held between the 17th and 23rd of December each year during...

Lucius Cornelius Sulla (l. 138 - 78 BCE) enacted his constitutional reforms BCE) as dictator to strengthen the Roman Senate’s power. Sulla was born. Ancient Egyptian Art, Ancient Aliens, Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, Ancient History, Roman History, European History, American History, History Encyclopedia

Sulla's Reforms as Dictator

Lucius Cornelius Sulla (l. 138 - 78 BCE) enacted his constitutional reforms (81 BCE) as dictator to strengthen the Roman Senate’s power. Sulla was born...

Propaganda played an important role in Octavian (l. 63 BCE - 14 CE) and Mark Antony’s (l. 83 – 30 BCE) civil war, and once victorious at the Battle. Ancient Rome, Ancient History, Second Triumvirate, Rome Exhibition, Battle Of Actium, Mark Antony, Equestrian Statue, History Encyclopedia, Sculpture

The Propaganda of Octavian and Mark Antony's Civil War

Propaganda played an important role in Octavian (l. 63 BCE - 14 CE) and Mark Antony’s (l. 83 – 30 BCE) civil war, and once victorious at the Battle...