The ancient civilizations that arose out of the Fertile Crescent: Sumer, Ur, Babylon, Assyria, and Persia. This also includes the code of Hammurabi and the…
The Sumerian King List (The Weld-Blundell Prism) lists a succession of kings and cities from Sumer, which begins with mythical kings, like Gilgamesh, and then goes on to list historical leaders. It is considered a key document in the decipherment of cuneiform. - ca. 2000-1800 BCE (Old Babylonian). Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.
Even today, astronomical periods identified by Mesopotamian scientists are still widely used in Western calendars: the solar year, the lunar month, the seven-day week. Using these data they developed arithmetical methods to compute the changing length of daylight in the course of the year and to predict the appearances and disappearances of the Moon and planets and eclipses of the Sun and Moon.
Sumerian cuneiform, one of the earliest known writing system. Its origins can be traced back to about 8,000 BC. It developed from the pictographs and other symbols used to represent trade goods and livestock on clay tablets. Sumerian was spoken in Sumer in southern Mesopotamia from perhaps the 4th millennium BC until about 2,000 BC, when it was replaced by Akkadian as a spoken language. Sumerian is not related to any other known language so is classified as a language isolate.
Babylonians had an advanced number positional number system with base 60 rather than the base 10 of our present system. Now 10 has only two proper divisors, 2 and 5. However 60 has 10 proper divisors so many more numbers have a finite form. For mathematical and arithmetical purposes they used the Sumerian sexagesimal system of numbers, which featured a useful device of so-called place-value notation that resembles the present-day decimal system.
~ Blessed Sumerians had a better medical knowledge than the middle ages. One of the earliest known descriptions of epilepsy comes from a Sumerian/Akkadian cuneiform medical text known as the Diagnostic Handbook, a medical treatise recorded on clay tablets that was copied over and over again from C.3000BC
Code of Hammurabi: The Code of Hammurabi refers to a set of rules or laws enacted by the Babylonian King Hammurabi (reign 1792-1750 B.C.). The code governed the people living in his fast-growing empire. By the time of Hammurabi's death, his empire included much of modern-day Iraq, extending up from the Persian Gulf along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
This activity is student centered and Common Core! First, students read a brief history about the famous codes in Ancient Mesopotamia. Then, they analyze some of the more controversial codes and evaluate their fairness. Next, students formulate an opinion and use the codes as evidence to support their beliefs.They create a conclusion and even draw parallels about the codes with their own lives. 2 pages $
Gilgamesh - When we think about short stories with moral lessons we usually think about Aesop’s fables which were developed around 600 BCE. However, around 800 BCE Homer was authoring Iliad and the odyssey. Still further back in time we have the oldest recorded stories of any language with Gilgamesh from the Samarian people of modern day Iraq. The Gilgamesh epic is believed to possibly have roots as far back as 3,000 BCE.